THE ALCAZABA OF ALMERÍA
It is one of the most important arabic monumental and archaeological sites of the Iberian Peninsula. Located on an isolated hill, the Alcazaba is a solid and extensive fortress that with its walls of more than 3 metres wide and 5 metres high, forms a closed enclosure around itself.
In fact, it is the most extensive construction of Arabic origin in Spain. It has a Reception Centre where. All the necessary information about schedules, itineraries, etc will be provided.
It dates from second half of the 10th century.
CATHEDRAL – FORTRESS (XVI Century)
Also known as the Cathedral of the Incarnation of Almería, it is the episcopal seat of the Diocese of Almería. With a fortress structure, it presents a transitional architecture between Late Gothic and Renaissance, as well as later Baroque and neoclassical features. Today it is considered “Bien de Interés Cultural (BIC)” and it has been declared a historical-artistic Monument belonging to the National Artistic Treasure.
They are a work of Andalusian hydraulic engineering commissioned to be buildt in the eleventh century under the mandate of Jairán, King of Taifa of Almeria. They were part of the water network created to supply the population and troops.
They did not supply water to private homes, so public fountains and drinking troughs were used. The volume of water stored was 630,000 litres, enough to supply a city of 30,000 inhabitants, as Almeria was in the eleventh century.
During the Spanish Civil War, the city of Almeria suffered 52 bombings by air and sea. A total of 754 bombs fell onto the city. This led to the construction of underground shelters more than 4 km long, including one operating room and the capacity to house 40,000 inhabitants.
These shelters endured the biggest attack that the city has suffered in all its history: the Bombing of Almeria. Today they are part of the network of Places of Historical Memory of the Junta de Andalucía and constitute one of the most important engineering and architectural works carried out during the twentieth century in Andalusia